Printing Terms

Pre-Press

Bleed
Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after trimming.

CMYK
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colours used for print.

RGB
Abbreviation for red, green, blue, the additive colour primaries (Screen Colour).

Crop Mark
These are the black marks in the corners of your soft proof. These crop marks show where the job will be trimmed to size. Anything outside of the crop marks will be trimmed off.

Greyscale
Range of grey shades from white to black, as used in a monochrome or single colour printing.

Imposed / Imposition
The arrangement or layout of pages on a printed sheet

Low-resolution Images
If you have been advised that there may be low-resolution images in your artwork, this means that some or all of the images in your artwork are less than 300dpi. We recommend that all images be supplied at 300dpi for optimum print quality

Finishing

Saddle Stitch
To bind by stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine, as compared to side stitch. Also called pamphlet stitch, saddle wire and stitch bind.

Score
To compress paper along a straight line so it folds more easily and accurately. Also called crease.

Prefect Binding
To bind sheets that have been ground at the spine and are held to the cover by glue. Also called adhesive bind, cut-back bind, glue bind, paper bind, patent bind, perfecting bind, soft bind and soft cover. See also Burst Perfect Bind.

Perforating
Taking place on a press or a binder machine, creating a line of small dotted wholes for the purpose of tearing-off a part of a printed matter (usually straight lines, vertical or horizontal).

Burst Perfect Bind
To bind by forcing glue into notches along the spines of gathered signatures before affixing a paper cover. Also called burst bind, notch bind and slotted bind.

Deboss
o press an image into paper so it lies below the surface. Also called tool.

Die Cut
To cut irregular shapes in paper or paperboard using a die.

Finished Size
Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat size. Also called trimmed size.

UV Coating
Liquid applied to a printed sheet, then bonded and cured with ultraviolet light.

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